Tuesday, April 05, 2011
Global Learn Conference (Melbourne, March 2011) - Notes
GLOBAL LEARN ASIA-PACIFIC CONFERENCE (29/3/11- 1/4/11)
Keynote: Rick Bennett (College of Fine Arts, Uni of NSW; Omnium
College of Fine Arts have 30 online courses, incl complete Masters degree
Collaboration not always the solution: “Group work can hinder the creative process.” (Paul Rand)
Cautionary tale: spent a fortune developing software but couldn’t sell it due to the rise of the FOSS (free and open source) movement
brainstormed with students and via liaison overseas how to design materials for people in developing world to be more aware of diseases like malaria – children’s games, flash cards, stickers, football jumpers
• worked with students and women in Philippines to create an installation of embroidery panels for a wall at Manila Uni
• worked with student s and women who collect paper rubbish in Manila to create a paper flower display; display is now in Sydney Botanical garden.
(photos of these projects)
These projects came to fruition by using collaborative tools between students and people in other courses, and key people in developing countries
Note: all of this was achieved by creating an outside of organisation body (Onmium) and without asking permission of the university.
[Can you work with your class to do projects that benefit the local community?]
ASSESSMENT AND TEACHING OF 21ST CENTURY SKILLS
Shift from manual skills > critical thinking and collaborative practices in workplaces
Project examined the topics with the following broad headings:
WAYS OF THINKING
WAYS OF WORKING
WAYS OF LIVING
TOOLS FOR WORKING (see image)
Specific skills noted (and these sound very much like the Employability Skills); all linked to production, consumption, and distribution of information ie not physical products
Collaboration, problem solving, creative thinking, communication, networking (social) – learning through digital community (there was a reluctance to use the phrase social networking; critical thinking, adaptability, self-management, self-development, ‘systems thinking’
There has been an increase of abstract tasks in workplaces, and corresponding decrease of routine/manual tasks as much of that (eg manufacturing) has gone off shore
Project is working on metrics to measure these 21c skills eg Collaborative problem solving involves social and cognitive skills – and these can be broken down even further
Also working on how games can assist in developing and assessing collaborative skills
MASS POVERTY AND THE ICT REVOLUTION (Marika Vicziamy)
Told 4 interesting stories that had obvious conclusion: technology alone will not alleviate poverty; it is more a consequence of ritual hierarchy – this is what has to be addressed; not just technological access
Interesting case study (story) of how beauticians and Tiffin carriers in India were increasing work and income with the use of mobiles; AND how the lead boy in the famous ‘hole in the wall computer’ story is still living in poverty
YOUNG PEOPLE AND THE NET (Luciano Pangrazio, University of Melbourne)
Habitus: how an individual interlocks with elements of society, OR ‘learning the rules of the game’
Merspi - http://merspi.com.au/ “ a social learning hubfor the VCE community to ask questions, answer them and learn – regardless of VCE subjects or schools” (Victoria)
Neopets http://www.neopets.com/: 180 million users; aimed at kids and encourages them to spend real money
Identifies 3 kinds of young Net user:
1. The overawed consumer
2. Bricoleur (remixer; person who creates from multiple sources)
3. Deconstructionist – this is what we need to assist people to do: deconstruct the medium, know what and how operates on us, and reconstruct it. √√√
LIFE AT THE INTERFACE (Cathy Adams, Uni of Alberta)
Based on phenomenology
[Ref: Natural Born Cyborgs, Andy Clark
Metaxu: in between-ness (ie media); both divides and allows connection)
Diaphanous: see throughed-ness (transparent)
When one writes on a chalkboard the hand disappears
SECONDARY TEACHERS USE OF NEW MEDIA IN AN AGE OF ACCOUNTABILITY (Nicola Johnson, Monash Uni)
Very early stages of this research; someone should do equivalent research for VET
VOICETHREAD PRESENTATION (
The approach taken here – moving people from anonymous feedback to real and f2f could be used to combat the f2f fear of expressing opinions identified by Turkle.
THE SOCIAL NETWORKED TEACHER (
Stressed the acquisition of 21st c skills via social networking, but argued that books and other tools need to be used
A large part of what will make web 3.0 different will be 3D (with emphasis on co-creation)
Issue: should teachers be friends with students on Facebook? Can you assess a ‘friend’ on FB? IMO – yes. I used to have students write journals in pre-Nehttp://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gift days, and they were often v personal. Besides, FB ‘friends’ are not really friends – they are something else.
KEYNOTE: GILLY SALMON - AUSTRALIAN DIGITAL FUTURES INSTITUTE
future's institute is about creating a preferred future based on openness, mobility, digital communities
based on the Tree of Life metaphor <=> Tree of Learning (includes technoshine over it all)
check the OTTER Project
rise of informal learning will threaten existing structures
some European unis have been in the same place doing the same thing for 1000 yrs (Cambridge, Oxford, Bologna)
"The aims of wide access, high quality and low cost are not achievable... with traditional models”
“the educated end up beautifully equipped for a world that does not exist” (Hoffer) http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/9843.Eric_Hoffer
"When it comes to change there are those who make it happen, watch what is happening, and wonder what happened"
Gilly's Predictions for the next year or so (or actually her avatar, Genevieve):
• learner voice, partnerships
• 3d + real world
• renaissance for voice – v/boards, podcasts
• greening of learning
ONLINE COMMUNITY (
used open source software called Pulse to code communications within the Community to track who was talking to whom
examined interaction in what they called 'public' and 'group' spaces
majority of conversations were on
• professional learning, and
• teaching and learning
'average members' happier and communicated more in private spaces
categories of conversations – sharing opinions, mentoring, guided advice, negotiation of meaning
interesting thing to do but I wonder whether the results are worth the effort???
AUTHENTIC ELEARNING IN A MULTICULTURAL CONTEXT – Jan Herrington et al
9 elements of authentic elearning (also book with Ron Oliver)
includes multiple roles/perspectives, reflection, articulation, coaching/scaffoldng
differences were more the result of the subjects studied rather than the country or culture
Western methods of processing knowledge are more text based than Eastern methods which rely more on knowledge visualisation
USE OF IPADS @DEAKIN: A STUDY OF LECTURER ENGAGEMENT (Dr Ferial Khaddage)
Central q: how did use of ipads enhance t and l?
Ipad apps being developed at a greater rate than iphone
• Mental Note
• Audio Note: like Livescribe
• Penultimate: notes and email
• Pages: word processing + doc syncing
reaction of teaching staff is mixed
there are privacy and security issues – as it's w/less; cost and bandwidth
THURSDAY, MARCH 31st
KEYNOTE PANEL – WHAT WILL LEARNING LOOK LIKE IN 2020?
learning on the run, increase of individual agency <=> decrease of role of institution; it will be the future that we create
HOW HAS SOCIAL NETWORKING HAD AN IMPACT?
SN is driving creativity; young people have no patience – have to download/have it now; “video is the new text” (Prensky); Bonk: but we are reading more than ever (blogs, Twitter, Google Docs, etc); students have always used paralled systems (Gilly)
SHOULD ORGS BE LOOKING FOR INTERACTIVE TOOLS FOR PERSONALISING LEARNING V LMSs?
• New ways of mentoring/coaching? BUT...there are forces ranged against the new regime!!!! Students will opt for the alternative more flexible models, but this assumes that there will be alternatives!!! So...we need a Global Learn 'rebels conference' (Curt)
• do we 'work as a worm from the inside' to bring on change? Or do it as an 'other' or alternative operation?
• LMSs need to become more like Ning ie social networking tools
• (need to remember that much of the world has slow or unreliable Internet eg Indonesia)
Impact of increasing use of mobiles??
ipad is cheaper than the iphone!! Ipad is the cheapest tech Apple has produced – they are aware of the coming future cheap versions that will inevitably come from China
mobile (smart) phone is the tool that cuts across generations and cultures (Salmon)
ARE TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION BECOMING INSEPARABLE?
70-80% of what we learn is informal (Jay Cross); therefore only 20% of learning takes place inside institutions
technology raises issues that have been around for 40 years!
KEYNOTE PANEL – WHAT WILL LEARNING LOOK LIKE IN 2020? - Part 2
USQ offer lectures as just one of the delivery options for students
technology is an added layer; it offers another choice – it doesn't replace anything
students are driving the change, so do we give them what they want?
Gilly; when students were asked/surveyed via trad means about what they wanted their needs matched up with what policy was saying; when conducted using technology then answers were quite different!
Addressing E-Assessment Practices (Vanessa Chang – Curtin)
(mostly a lit review)
mod learning setting – stds feel empowered when they can collaborate and do self-directed activities . assessment tasks need to be redesigned accordingly (need to foster reflective learning, experiential and socio-cognitive learning – includes games and story telling
ALICE is still alive!!
• evidence centred
• domain analysis
• domain modelling
• Conceptual Assessment Framework (ALICE uses this) – inncludes another 6 models
• CSCL: computer supported collaborative learning
• wiki based CSCL
Intercultural Learning and SN (really just Facebook) (Jason Lee – Nanyang Uni, Singapore)
Digital Ethnography – examines status updates of 20 Malaysian students studying in the US
sycnh/asynch and private/public access – where does social media sit? (in the middle)
just examining status updates reveals a great deal of one students experience of the US
issue – privacy concerns about researching personal data
IMPROVING ELEARNING CAPABILITY (Clint Smith)
Models of Change Management that don’t work:
1. (e)tug trying to nudge the giant organisation in a new direction
2. Performance Improvement
3. BECTA Matrix (tool to get a snapshot of the use of technology within organisation
4. Strategic Gap Analysis (SWOT) – generate great data but too slow, bureaucratic and expensive
5. Teach the Teachers: “throw some tools at staff and hope that some will stick” ; can be called Immersion Therapy
What does work?
The No-Fuss Model (8-12 weeks to get up and running)
1) Get your bearings – what is elearning? What type of elearning do http://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gifwe need? What are we trying to achieve? What are the specific benefits?
2) Pick winners (a la GippsTAFE) ie courses that are more likely to work
3) Setting Up – what are the delivery options? What tools will we need? How long till we’re ready?
Note: Blanded Learning: putting notes online!
m-learning: as yet no discernible distinct pedagogy
Ref: Towards Maturity “to help you improve the impact of learning technologies at work”
What are the e-Advantages from a corporate point of view?
• Delivery to dispersed locations
• Reduction of costs
• Train more people in a shorter time
• Provides trail of evidence
Note: there is no reference to advantages for the learner!
What are the Knock Out Punches that will ensure success?
• Is there leadership and management support
• Do you have available materials?
• Are you able to get staff sufficiently skilled?
If the answer to any of these is NO then YOU ARE GOING THE WRONG WAY
Factors that ensure that training staff in elearning skills works:
• Management support (scored 67% in survey)
• Motivation (45%)
• Break things down into projects – focus on courses, NOT people processes
INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND WEB 2.0 (Daniel Light, )
Based on 39 teachers over 2 years in schools
Teachers were using web 2.0 to
• Create a Learning community
• For meaningful communication betw teachers and students
Successful activities had:
1. Had a class blog (not individual blogs – students lacked motivation to maintain or read; also v concerned about who reads their work –happy for teacher to read individual blog but that’s all)
2. The Community is the audience and the audience matters
Students DID NOT want class work joined on Facebook. Reason: FB is about pretence and image; class work on the other hand was real!
3. Clear behavioural guidelines; f2f etiquette > online space
AUGMENTED REALITY (
• Photosynth - http://photosynth.net/
• Hallmark Greeting Cards - http://www.hallmark.com/online/webcam-greetings.aspx
• Larngear - http://www.larngeartech.com/
• Kinect: http://kinecthacks.net/kinect-skeleton-test/